A modern cemetery design should be a celebration of life and history while also being integrated into the surrounding community. For example, a new cemetery is often located on land outside of the city limits, with the hope that the grounds will grow to meet or surround it. In such cases, it is imperative to take practical considerations, zoning bylaws, and demographics into account.
A cemetery master plan is a critical part of cemetery design. It not only takes into account the current and future needs of the property, but also provides a roadmap for any future changes or problems. Moreover, it helps in marketing the cemetery to potential buyers. It can help a cemetery gain a higher market value.
A cemetery master plan should also include a plan for its landscaping. A well-planned landscaping will save on maintenance costs, increase aesthetic value, and improve the environment. It can also enhance wildlife habitat. It should also include the type and size of trees and other plants. When choosing plants, consider their climate, soil, and seasonal requirements. If possible, consult a nursery and see which species will thrive best in your environment.
Cemetery design must also accommodate alternative burial practices. In South Africa, burial practices have long been shaped by colonial history. Until the dawn of democracy, burial sites reflected spatial imbalances. However, the changing values of citizens mean that cemetery design must adapt to the changing needs of the community. This requires greater consultation with stakeholders.