Cemetery Design

A cemetery is a place to mourn and remember. It should be designed with sensitivity to the primary purpose of the place.

The lot layout should be adapted to local conditions and the desires of the lot buyers. Generally, lots should be 17 feet front and 18 feet in depth.

Site Analysis

The site analysis is a key step that helps inform every other aspect of the design process. It helps you identify opportunities, constraints and the main design considerations moving forward.

It should cover all relevant information that relates to the specific site including its location, size, topography, existing buildings, zoning regulations, infrastructure and climate. You should also consider any cultural landmarks, historic sites or other contexts that could influence the design.

Once you have gathered all this information, the next step is to examine your findings and find relationships between them. This can be a visual or iterative process that combines a number of tools to help understand the site. You should then make a list of the main information points that are most important for your project.


Cemeteries are an intriguing cultural collision point. They straddle multiple concerns such as crime, historic preservation, environmental problems and burial traditions.

Another issue is the desire to re-use older graves. While the authorities may assume that a family no longer cares about their ancestors’ graves and that re-use will not cause distress, many people view this as desecration.

More sustainable cemetery designs include green burial sections that retain native vegetation and minimize the need for excessive irrigation. These also allow for re-use of space more quickly than traditional lawn cemetery sites. However, there is a trade off between sustainability and the need to mark graves with some form of memorialization. In general, family members want to place flowers and other items on their loved ones’ graves. This reintroduces clutter to lawn cemeteries and is difficult for staff to maintain with their smaller mowers.


A cemetery or memorial park needs a variety of hardscape features to create visual impact. These include entrances, directional and cemetery rules signage, memorial plaques and personalized memorial benches.

As a result of the growing preference for cremation rather than burial, many cemeteries are offering columbarium walls. These are a space-efficient alternative to a grave and each niche in the wall can be marked with a small plaque.

Historically, the cemetery landscape was designed to be dreary with little room for native grasses. Over time, families have come to expect a manicured lawn in a cemetery. This can make it difficult for the cemetery staff to maintain the grounds. In addition, flowers and other items are often placed on the graves. This can cause distress to some family members.


The layout phase is where the cemetery design begins to take shape. The various program elements are placed in areas amenable to development and related to each other based on functional relationships.

Once a section has been laid out, it should be divided into plots of sizes adapted to the desires of the lot buyers. This is not an easy task and must be based on accurate knowledge of local conditions.

The design should consider decorative features, different shades of green and various species of flowering trees. The layout should also include directional signage to help orient visitors. In addition, the layout should provide hardscapes in proportion to softscapes, and fencing designed to follow standard protocol. The landscape should also feature special water features and memorial furniture designs.

Master Planning

Cemeteries and memorial parks need signs that help people navigate, share information, and create connections. These can include entrance signs, directional signage, cemetery rules signs, and personalized memorial plaques.

A well designed master plan optimizes land use, allows for the future expansion of a cemetery based on inventory and enables a client to balance development costs with revenue. It also increases the marketability of a cemetery by creating a beautiful and cohesive design.

Adding sustainable elements such as natural vegetation, native trees, and a green burial section can help to make a cemetery more attractive and less expensive to maintain. A green burial site uses shrouds instead of caskets, reducing the amount of grave preparation and soil erosion. This type of burial is becoming more popular as people seek to honor their ancestors in environmentally sensitive ways.

A cemetery is a place where people are buried. It is a special and unique place that requires respect for the dead and those who visit.

Many modern cemeteries are expansive landscapes located far from densely populated areas and outside of town or city centers. They are also often independent of churches and religious organizations.


A cemetery is a place where people are buried. It may also be known as a graveyard or burial ground. Cemeteries are primarily responsible for the sale of physical burial rights such as plots, crypts or niches and providing labor to perform the opening and closing of the ground in conjunction with a burial as well as memorialization of the deceased through a designated marker (headstone, tomb stone or mausoleum). These services are typically provided by individuals who work at the cemetery and are commonly referred to as cemeterians.

Burial records are kept in a cemetery and can be accessed by the public. This is an important resource for genealogy research. However, there is a practical problem with this approach because it is extremely difficult to locate living descendants of older graves decades after their initial purchase and re-use may occur without family awareness or consent. In some cases, families will pay additional money to avoid the re-use of their loved one’s old grave but this is not always possible.


When people die they are typically buried in cemeteries. Until recently, they were buried in church graveyards but as population growth caused these burial grounds to fill up, independent sites called cemeteries began to appear. They are usually located away from towns and cities as they are not affiliated with any particular church or religion.

The earliest cemetery landscapes were inspired by the rural cemetery movement that was established because urban churchyards had become unsightly, overcrowded and unhealthy places. They were considered breeding grounds for disease and had a general unkempt appearance.

The next phase of modern cemetery development was inspired by public parks. During this time, cemetery landscapes were designed to look like lush gardens. Mourners would often leave flowers on the headstone of their loved ones. In the modern era, some of these floral tributes are taken care of by family members while others are handled by the staff. There are even new designs of columbarium walls that incorporate clips beside each plaque to hold a single flower or small posy of greenery.


In a city as teeming with life as New York, it should come as no surprise that the five boroughs house one of the most populous graveyards in the world. While a visit to the cemetery is often not high on tourists’ list of things to do in NYC, many of the locations are becoming park-like green spaces where people can come to relax and explore.

The most common type of cemetery is a public cemetery, which is owned by the city or county and offers more options than a traditional graveyard. This type of cemetery is typically accessible to all people and may offer a range of services, including burial planning and monuments.

Private cemeteries are also common, and some families choose to bury a loved one on their estates rather than at a public cemetery. Extremely accurate burial plot maps are critical for ensuring that all available space within a lot is being utilized.


Most cemeteries have specific rules about flowers, decorations and other items. Call or visit the office to find out what those rules are. In general, the cemetery caretakers want visitors to keep flowers, plants and other items neat, tidy and free of trash and debris. They also like to avoid having to work around unruly children running and playing in and around the graves, monuments or other markers.

If a burial vault or casket is damaged in the course of disinterment, the cemetery will try to restore the entombed remains and the grave, lot or plot to the condition in which it existed prior to disinterment. If not possible, the Cemetery will bill the owner of the lot or grave for the cost of restoration. The same is true of memorials, if they become unwieldy or otherwise difficult to maintain. Likewise, any private contractors working in the cemetery should be prepared to interrupt their work if a funeral procession is nearing.

Memorial parks provide a tranquil and serene environment for families to visit, remember and celebrate their loved ones. They also foster community and promote healing amongst individuals.

The Eastern Woods is a forest planted to restore native ecosystems in the park. Biological and conservation research guided the design of this forest.

They Honor the Dead

Memorial parks are a more modern version of traditional cemeteries. Instead of using upright monuments, they use dignified bronze markers that lie flat on the ground to allow for more landscaping and a park-like setting. This also makes it easier to remember the grave sites without being distracted by competing headstones.

This is what makes Memorial Park such a great place for residents to celebrate the lives of their loved ones. Memorial Day ceremonies, parades, city park presentations, reenactments and even decorating soldiers’ graves with flags can all be held here.

The Memorial Park was founded in 1917 by Hubert Eaton, who designed the cemetery in its current form. It was one of the first cemeteries to use a flat, park-like design that would become popular around the country. It is also the final resting place of many famous Americans. The village’s Veterans Memorial and September 11th Memorial are located here as well. This gives Memorial Park a special meaning and provides residents with a sense of peace, serenity and dignity.

They Foster Community

Memorial parks are not just places to honor the dead, they also provide a place for families and friends to come together and support one another. They can hold various events and activities that help bring people together, including picnics and candlelight vigils. These events can offer a sense of comfort and help individuals find closure.

The Kitty Foster Homestead and Cemetery, or the Foster Site as it is commonly known, tells the story of an entire community that defied racist institutions to become landowners. It is a powerful reminder of the resiliency of Black communities and their ability to overcome oppressive systems.

The Foster Site serves as a model for the design of civil rights heritage sites that seek to memorialize while simultaneously interrogating history and forging pathways toward social justice movements today. It is essential to remember that memorials and historic preservation projects must not be tokenistic, but rather they must be a celebration of the diversity of human experience.

They Promote Healing

Many memorial parks have amenities such as tranquil gardens and walking paths that create a peaceful atmosphere for meditation and reflection. These spaces also provide a beautiful setting for life celebration services. These events bring friends and family together, which promotes healing for those who have lost a loved one.

The difference between traditional cemeteries and memorial parks is that the former often includes statuary and other architectural features to add beauty to the grounds. The latter, however, focus on providing an environment that is primarily designed to foster healing by offering families peace for quiet meditation and a sense of dignity and honor for their deceased loved ones.

Some memorial parks, like Golden Haven Memorial Parks, even offer the option to plant a tree in the name of your loved one as an environmentally friendly way to honor your departed friend or family member. This thoughtful gesture not only helps the environment but can be a permanent and lasting reminder of your loved one for generations to come.

They Are a Place of Reflection

The beauty of a memorial park is that it can be a place for reflection. While traditional cemeteries feature upright monuments that tower above visitors, memorial parks utilize dignified engraved markers lying flat on landscaped plots to create an open environment for remembrances and life celebrations. These markers also allow the beauty of the landscape to be preserved and enhance the overall ambiance.

At the 9/11 Garden of Reflection in Lower Makefield, a walking path leads from sorrowful reminders of tragedy to luminous symbols of hope, peace and remembrance. The memorial includes WTC remnants, the names of 2,973 victims etched in glass, maple trees planted for Bucks County residents and twin lighted fountains that represent renewal and healing.

There are many ways to pay your respects at a memorial park, from a tour of the grounds to a visit of your loved ones’ grave sites. The important thing is that you take time to remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice for our country and for all of humanity.

The death of a loved one is a traumatic experience, and making funeral arrangements can add to the grief. It’s important to understand your options and ask questions before choosing a funeral home.

The Board licenses funeral directors and embalmers, registers funeral firms and cemeteries, investigates consumer/provider complaints, and issues a funeral establishment permit. It also adjudicates disciplinary sanctions against professionals.

Preparation of a body for burial

After a loved one’s death, families face many difficult decisions that must be made quickly. These include: what kind of funeral to hold, how to handle the body, and what services to provide. They must also determine whether the deceased will be buried or cremated.

Funeral directors must obtain a burial permit before they can begin preparing the body for burial. They must also be prepared to answer questions about the cost of a funeral service and explain any fees that may apply.

Family members can be involved in preparation of the body if they wish. Home funeral guides often prepare kits with wash cloths, soap, gloves and other items to assist families in their preparation work. This helps to demystify the process and create more transparency in the industry.

Planning a funeral service

Planning a funeral service can be distressing, especially for the family. However, it is important to make the funeral as personal and memorable as possible. This will help the mourning family heal. It also ensures that the deceased’s wishes are carried out.

Before meeting with a funeral director, you should have some idea of the type of service that you want. This includes music, flowers, and other elements of the ceremony. You should also decide whether you want a religious or non-religious service.

If you plan ahead, you can even record your wishes in an advance directive or pre-planning document. This can prevent future disagreements over how to honor the deceased. Also, it can open communication with loved ones and make it easier to carry out your wishes.

Merchandise offered

The death of a loved one is a difficult time for families, and planning a funeral can be even more stressful. Many people don’t like thinking about their own mortality, but when it comes to making arrangements for a burial or cremation, it is essential that they choose the right merchandise and services.

The law requires funeral establishments to provide consumers with general price information, including the price range for caskets and alternative containers. It also requires a list of package prices. The list must include the name of each service and container included in the price and a statement that the funeral establishment does not offer direct burials.

The Bureau also investigates complaints against licensed funeral directors and embalmers and takes enforcement action if necessary. Complaints can be made via the internet or by telephone.

Arrangement conference

Arrangement conferences can take a half hour or several hours and are often the first meeting between the family and the funeral director. They allow you to make decisions about burial, cremation, and a service. They can be held at the funeral home, your home, or online.

Before the arrangement conference, you should gather important documents and merchandise. Bring copies of the death certificate, a copy of any will or legal document that might be relevant, and photographs of the deceased. These photos can be used for the obituary or memorial video. Also, you should bring a checkbook to pay for merchandise and services. The funeral home will provide a General Price List and show you the merchandise they regularly offer. They will also give you an Itemized Statement, which is required by the FTC to be given to you for your records.

Funeral service contract

A funeral contract is a legally binding document. You should read it carefully and be aware of the terms. Make sure you have a copy of it. It’s also important to ask family and friends for recommendations and shop around. Look for a home that offers services you need and can provide you with a complete list of costs. Also, find out whether the home can lower the cost by eliminating services you don’t need.

The funeral service company must physically offer consumers a General Price List (GPL). This can’t be done verbally or by showing it to them in a binder or booklet. A GPL must be offered even if the discussion of prices or arrangements takes place in a consumer’s home, church, or while the deceased is being removed from a hospital or nursing home.

When someone dies, they go to the mortuary. Mortuaries are refrigerated spaces where medical professionals examine and prepare bodies for burial.

Most people have a very basic understanding of what a mortuary is. They are often seen as bare-bones operations that offer simple services, without a focus on comfort or opulent facilities.


Embalming is a process that allows the deceased to be kept in an appearance more similar to their normal state. It also makes it possible for family members to view the body prior to the funeral service or memorial gathering.

The embalmer first washes and dries the body to remove any excess water and tissue fluid. They may then use a solution via hypodermic needle to plump facial features, if needed.

For arterial embalming, the blood in the body is replaced with a mixture of formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, ethanol and phenol. They may also choose to do a restricted cervical injection, which involves injecting the neck area only.

Then the surgical embalming starts. A small incision is made near the bellybutton, and a sharp tool used for drainage, called a trocar, is inserted into the abdomen cavity. The organs in the chest cavity and abdomen are punctured and drained of their contents, as well as gas, before being injected with the formaldehyde-based chemical mixture. The incision is then sutured shut.


The burial of a human corpse may be a deeply cherished ritual in many cultures. This practice can be influenced by geography, religion, and social attitudes.

In some cultures, the body is buried in containers such as shrouds, coffins, grave liners, and burial vaults that slow the decomposition process and keep odors from rising to the surface. Often, the body is also entombed or interred with items that held great meaning for the deceased.

Burials are arranged in underground graves or aboveground crypts within buildings called mausoleums. Sometimes, a known person is buried anonymously to avoid desecration of the grave site or to prevent robbery of the remains by carrion eaters. In addition, burial is a common way for people to dispose of ashes. A few cultures may bury the dead in open air, either on a mountaintop or elsewhere. Depending on the culture, this is done to arouse the spirits of the deceased to help them in their afterlife journey.


A mortuary is a place that can help you arrange for funeral services or burial. They can also keep safe any belongings that the person who has died had in hospital until their family or the person administering their estate arranges for them to be collected.

Many people now choose cremation rather than burial. This is usually because of the flexibility it offers in terms of final disposition, although some religions prefer to bury or entomb remains.

When a body is cremated it leaves behind cremains, which are primarily bone fragments. These are subsequently ground to a fine powder and can be interred in a memorial site, retained by relatives or scattered.

Some mortuaries are associated with funeral homes and can provide full funeral services. Others offer less extensive services and may not be able to connect you with a funeral home, depending on what your wishes are for the end-of-life ritual. The type of services they offer can differ significantly from one mortuary to another, so it is important that you talk through your options with them.

Funeral Services

Mortuaries are more bare-bones operations than funeral homes. They’re more focused on the mortuary sciences and preparing the body for burial. They offer quick viewing for immediate family members, onsite cremation services, and preparation of the body.

They don’t typically offer planning or memorial services for the deceased, although they may be able to recommend third-party providers for those options. Funeral homes, on the other hand, are more focused on grieving with families and providing support.

You can find mortuaries in hospitals, medical examiners’ offices, and some cemeteries. They can also be stand-alone facilities or part of a funeral home. The most important thing is to choose a provider that is reputable, affordable, and has a staff with knowledge about the options available for your loved one’s body. Be sure to ask questions if you’re not clear about anything. It’s okay to shop around and visit multiple funeral homes before you decide. They’re all happy to answer your questions.

While many people use the words cemetery and graveyard interchangeably, there is a difference between the two. Graveyard refers to a burial ground that is on or near a church, while cemetery is more generally used for sites that are not associated with a specific church.

During the Middle Ages, rich or influential Christians were buried in crypts inside the church, while less wealthy congregants were interred in the graveyard outside the church. This led to overcrowded graveyards where decaying bodies were infiltrating the water supply.


A graveyard is a place where people are buried. It is usually near a church. People who were wealthy, noble, or of high social status were buried in individual crypts in their place of worship or on the grounds of the church. People who were not as rich or important were buried in a graveyard.

The word graveyard is related to the German word for “graben”, which means to dig. In the past, people were buried in graveyards until they were full. When that happened, new places for burial emerged that were independent of the church, and they became known as cemeteries.

In Magic: The Gathering, a player’s graveyard is one of the six main zones. Cards in a graveyard are not in play until they come back into the game through mechanics such as flashback, unearth, dredge and delve. A player’s graveyard also contains all of their discarded and destroyed cards. This is why it is sometimes called a ‘death zone’.


The origin of the word graveyard is unclear, but it is believed to be a combination of two words: “grave” and “yard.” It refers to an area where people are buried. Historically, graveyards were associated with churches and churchyards. People of high social status, such as nobles and the rich, were buried inside the church in crypts, while less-wealthy congregants were buried on the church grounds, which was called the graveyard.

As time went by, however, the churchyards began to fill up. As a result, new burial sites were established outside the churchyards. These are now referred to as cemeteries. The terms graveyard and cemetery are sometimes used interchangeably today, although they do have slightly different meanings. The word graveyard is also the source of the term “graveyard shift,” which refers to a late-night or early-morning work shift. Typically, the person on the graveyard shift is expected to be able to sleep during the day.


The graveyard is a place where people are buried. It is typically located next to a church, although it can also be independent from one. A graveyard can be a spooky setting for a story, but it must make sense in your plot. It is also a good place to explore your characters’ beliefs and values.

Often, a graveyard is used to honor a person with a gravestone displaying their name, date of death, and other personal information. The more wealthy or important the person, the more elaborate the headstone.

The word “graveyard” is related to the Germanic words for dig and garden. Originally, it referred to the area around a church where the dead were buried. However, as the population grew, and church burial grounds became full, independent places for burials developed and were called cemeteries. Today, the terms are often used interchangeably, but a graveyard is still generally associated with a church.


A graveyard is a place where dead people are buried. It is a very sacred site and people visit it to pay their respects. People also visit it for funerals. It is a beautiful and serene place.

In Clash Royale, Graveyard is a powerful card that can be used to punish your opponent’s tower or swarm units. It is a high skill card that requires a lot of support cards to be effective. It works well with Poison and can be a great counter to Goblin Barrel or Lavahound.

The word graveyard is often confused with cemetery. Both are places where dead people are buried, but graveyard is typically associated with a church and cemetery is not. The difference is subtle, but it is important to understand the differences between these two terms. A graveyard is usually smaller than a cemetery and it has older tombstones. It is also typically not very manicured. A cemetery, on the other hand, is much larger and it is not associated with a church.

Modern cemetery design embraces a variety of cultures, beliefs and lifestyles. It offers choices that allow everyone to be remembered the way they want to be. This requires a unique blend of knowledge.

HBC’s expertise includes developing master plans for new cemetery development and reviving historic cemeteries through site improvements, renovations and expansions.


Developing a master plan is an important part of any cemetery’s long term sustainability. A well-developed master plan allows a cemetery to identify short and long-term needs, map out a strategy for implementation, and analyze the value and return on a variety of projects.

A cemetery is not just a place to mourn and remember, it can also be a place of growth and renewal. Many cemeteries are now being repurposed as amenity greenspaces with features like walking paths, recreation areas and trees.

Using a biodegradable casket and urn to bury remains can help reseed the earth and provide nutrients for a sapling that will grow around it. This is a great way to create a space that will be sustainable and aesthetically pleasing.


The quality of signage is critical for a cemetery project. Signs that are not well designed can create confusion, and are difficult to read. They can also fall victim to weather damage, vandalism, and deterioration.

Cemetery design should include a wide range of landscape features, such as decorative elements, different shades of green, and flowering plants that bloom throughout the year. Incorporating seating areas, memorial benches, and sculptures can add a personal touch to the space.

Identification signs are often installed at the entrance to a cemetery or at key road or path junctions adjacent to the site. These signs are typically double-sided and use a common symbol. They can be used as a guide for visitors, as they can provide a quick way to locate a grave or memorial.


A cemetery design that takes grading into account is important. This helps with visibility of the burial sites as well as making them easier to navigate by visitors. It also helps ensure that the cemetery stays open for generations to come.

Many cemeteries have begun offering columbarium walls as an option to those who prefer cremation. These are walls that hold a number of niches, each large enough for a plaque to commemorate the deceased person. They are a good alternative to a traditional in-ground grave or mausoleum. They are a great way to memorialize multiple people in a dignified and beautiful setting. They can even be designed to allow for future expansion.


Cemetery design is vital to a cemetery’s long term success. A well-designed plan can help to maximize land use and improve the overall aesthetic of the cemetery. It can also help to reduce costs.

It is important for cemetery design to consider drainage. The grading of the cemetery needs to be designed so that water can be directed away from the grave sites and buildings. This will prevent flooding and keep the area safe for visitors.

Another consideration is the maintenance of trees within a cemetery. Mourners often leave flowers at the graves of loved ones, and newer designs of columbarium walls take this into account by providing clips or loops beside each plaque for flowers to be placed on. This helps to save on maintenance costs and ensures that the flowers do not fall off.


Vase designs are an important aspect of cemetery memorials. Many families decorate graves seasonally to celebrate holidays and their loved one’s favorite aspects of the seasons. This can range from a bouquet of red roses on Valentine’s Day to a fresh holly wreath at Christmas.

Some flat headstones have built-in vases at grass level that are recessed into the stone. They can hold either one or two vases depending on the client’s preference and the overall design of their monument.

The vases can be made of granite, marble or bronze. They have flat surfaces that allow for inscriptions and may also feature patterned detailing or raised panels. Generally, metals are preferred due to their durability. They can withstand harsh outdoor conditions and won’t damage easily unless they are vandalized.

A cemetery must simultaneously honor the deceased, provide a dignified place for mourners, and preserve the past. This requires a high level of professionalism and a commitment to long term financial responsibility.

When doing genealogy research, it is important to visit the actual cemetery and record the inscriptions on the gravestones. This can help you make connections that compiled records may not reveal.

It is a place of remembrance

Cemeteries provide dignified care for the bodies of those who have died and act as a place for mourners to recollect their loved ones. They also offer a range of services for the grieving process. These include memorialization, genealogy information and flower placement programs. These services can help families remember their loved ones and reconnect with them after a loss.

Historically, those who could afford the work of a stonemason had a headstone carved with a name and dates of birth and death set up over the grave. Richer families often competed to see whose headstone had the most extensive inscription or artistic value. Those who couldn’t afford a headstone placed a metal or wooden cross over the grave.

In modern times, some families visit their loved one’s cemetery site to leave flowers or other mementos. This is a practice that has been adopted by many cultures worldwide. In addition, war graves are usually marked with a timber remembrance cross and a red poppy.

It is a place of healing

A cemetery is a place of healing for many people. It is a peaceful place to be sad, remember the deceased, and find a sense of connection. It is also a place where families can share stories about their loved ones.

The history of a cemetery can tell us a lot about its community. Many historic cemeteries are home to cultural landscapes and valuable historical resources. In order to preserve these important sites, it is essential that a comprehensive disaster plan is in place. This plan should include procedures for removing organic debris and conducting geophysical assessments of the monuments and infrastructure.

Although some people choose cremation over traditional burial, a cemetery can be a beautiful and serene place for remembering loved ones. It can even become a pilgrimage site for some. While the desecration of the Emanu-El cemetery was horrific, it has also been a shared experience for many people. It has brought a renewed awareness of the importance of protecting these sacred spaces and the people who care for them.

It is a place of community

Cemeteries are spaces of community with a unique blend of social, religious and historical significance. They are owned by a municipal authority or private sector concerns and, like public parks, are designed to serve the whole community. Unlike churchyard burial grounds or cemetery churches, these spaces are also open to the public for non-funerary use. These activities include guided tours, art-centric activations and memorial services. Some are even converting their landscapes into park-like settings.

The re-use of existing grave sites can cause distress to family members, who may see it as a form of desecration. This problem is particularly acute in natural cemeteries, which combine burial ground with a wild landscape. Despite these concerns, re-use of grave sites is possible if the burial rights have been pre-purchased. A recent study analyzed attitudes toward cemetery transformation using a natural experiment. The results showed that the more familiar people are with a cemetery, the less they favor changing its use.

It is a place of history

Throughout history, humans have constructed meaning into the places where their dead are interred. These cemeteries reflect the cultural attitudes, geography and religious beliefs of the communities that surround them. They can be simple and sparse or elaborate, built with a grandeur that overshadows the community of the living.

Modern cemetery landscapes are typically expansive landscapes located away from heavily populated areas and outside towns and city centers. They are usually independently owned by municipal corporations, separate from churches and their churchyards. They have a variety of different burial styles, reflecting the diversity of cultural practices surrounding death.

During the investigation of cemetery crime scenes, law enforcement relied on forensic and archaeological methods to seek connections between offenders and victims. These included examining the victim’s social and cultural background to see if they shared acquaintances or activities that might have lead them into the same space with offenders. In addition, they sought to understand the motivations behind the crimes by analyzing artifacts left at the disturbed grave sites.

A memorial park is a physical representation of the history and heritage of a community. It can bring people together, foster a sense of shared cultural identity and promote healing.

The NYC AIDS Memorial honors the city’s residents who worked tirelessly to care for the sick, fight discrimination, lobby for medical research and change drug approval processes.

World War I

World War I, also known as the First World War, was one of the deadliest global conflicts. It was fought between the Allies and Central Powers, and took place throughout Europe, Africa, Asia and parts of the Middle East, and is the only time in history when more than 20 million people died worldwide.

Unlike traditional cemeteries, memorial parks offer dignified sculptured bronze markers lying flat on landscaped plots to commemorate a family’s grave. The spaces between the memorials are landscaped with grass, trees and flowering gardens, making them a peaceful setting for reflection.

The design of a memorial park requires the consideration of many factors, including the cultural significance of the place, the nature and size of the memorials and the overall spatial character. A successful memorial park must be able to provide a space for social interaction and remembrance while still providing a tranquil setting for rest and meditation. It must also be a place where families can visit and pay their respects.

Memorials are not only about remembering the deceased, but they are also intended to be places of healing and reconciliation. In order to achieve these goals, the design of a memorial must be thoughtful and carefully planned. Memorials must be designed to inspire visitors and remind them of the important events that happened in history. They should be a place where families can come together and remember the sacrifices made by their loved ones.

Creating a memorable experience for the visitors of the memorial park is also essential to its success. The design must be aesthetically pleasing and inviting, as it will encourage visitors to come back again and again. Memorial parks must have amenities that will appeal to the general public and make it easy for them to use them.

Urban physical configuration and sensual experience

The urban physical configuration of a memorial landscape (CML) is composed of several elements and aspects that influence its use and users’ sensations in space. These elements and aspects are analyzed on contemporary memorial landscape examples in the following chapter.

This chapter aims to provide a theoretical framework for the analysis of memorial landscapes and their effects on the user’s sensual experiences. It will be divided into two sections: the first section is concerned with the urban physical configuration of CML and the second one is concerned with the triggered sensual experiences in space by memorials.

Various design concepts have been developed and used in the construction of memorial parks for commemorating the events of the First World War, with some having great success. However, it is important to consider the cultural context and the meanings behind each memorial, in order to ensure that the designs are appropriate for the purpose of honoring the victims and the memory of those who were killed in this devastating conflict.

The memorial park for the Holocaust in Berlin was designed by Peter Eisenman, and is comprised of a grid matter covered with 2,711 concrete stelae. Each stelae has been designed to match the proportions of the American flag and arranged in a way that evokes the movement of ripples in water. The stelae’s visual characteristics and the way in which they are placed in the landscape creates a sense of remembrance and evokes the feelings of mourning.

funeral bureau

The death of a loved one is a traumatic experience. Families face dozens of decisions quickly and under duress, including what kind of funeral to hold.

Funeral homes, also known as mortuaries, are licensed by States and generally subject to some form of State regulation. They are required to give consumers a general price list upon request.


When a loved one dies, family members are often confronted with a series of quick decisions and arrangements that must be made under emotional duress. These decisions include the type of funeral to hold, which funeral home to use, what casket to buy and whether to bury or cremate the body. The Federal Trade Commission has released new consumer guidance for shopping for funeral services over the phone or on the Internet.

While many funeral homes offer a bundled package of commonly selected goods and services, consumers have the right to buy only those items that they select. The Rule requires that your firm state this right in writing on a General Price List (GPL).

You must also show a GPL to anyone who asks you about prices for goods and services, except when such persons are competitors or representatives of business, religious organizations, government agencies or consumer groups. Your firm must give the person a copy of the GPL for his or her information to keep.


The death of a loved one can be a devastating experience. Often, planning the funeral compounds that grief. However, it can help families cope with the loss and begin to move forward. A funeral director can help family members decide where to hold the service, whether a casket or urn should be used and how to celebrate a life. They can also help with the paperwork involved in a burial or cremation.

A funeral provider must offer a General Price List (GPL) to anyone who asks for it. This includes people who inquire via mail or in person. It must contain identifying information, itemized prices and other important disclosures. The GPL must be available in a printed or typewritten form, and it must be given to the consumer to keep.

The Board licenses funeral directors and embalmers; registers funeral establishments; investigates consumer/provider complaints related to the practice of funeral directing; and regulates mortuary schools and apprentices. In addition, the Board conducts inspections of funeral homes, embalming services and crematories.


The death of a loved one can be a stressful time for family members who must make many decisions on the fly. Sadly, some funeral homes can take advantage of families during this trying time and recommend unnecessary services or merchandise that drive up the average funeral cost beyond what a family can afford.

To avoid this, families should always shop and compare prices before making any purchases. Funeral homes must offer you a general price list and itemized statement of costs when you request it. This information must be offered by telephone as well.

In addition to cemetery plots, there are costs associated with opening and covering the grave, casket rental or purchase, memorial services, memory books and cards, and use of a hearse or limousine. Some of these items may be purchased outside the funeral home, reducing your total funeral expenses. In addition, you can save thousands of dollars by pre-planning your final arrangements or obtaining an inexpensive casket and urn.


A funeral home may carry a variety of insurance policies, including workers’ compensation for employees who suffer back injuries from lifting caskets. They also need a commercial property policy to protect the building, furniture and other items in case of damage. This type of coverage typically covers inventory such as urns, caskets and vaults.

Many funeral homes have licensed life insurance agents on staff who sell pre-need insurance. These policies are usually tied to a prepaid funeral contract and name the funeral home as the beneficiary. They offer more limited benefits than traditional life insurance and generally cap at $40,000 or $50,000.

Another option is a final expense policy that does not tie to a specific funeral contract. These policies are less expensive than preneed plans but require ongoing payments. Ideally, they should be whole life policies that accumulate cash values and stay in force until death. They are also available as guaranteed issue policies that do not require a medical exam or underwriting.