Cemetery Design

Modern cemetery design must think beyond a place to lay a grave. It must be a vibrant celebration of life, family, history and individuality – integrated within a shared community.

A well developed master plan optimizes land utilization, improves long term sustainability and increases the aesthetic of a cemetery. Aesthetically pleasing cemeteries increase marketability and generate revenue.

Master Plan

A cemetery’s master plan is a roadmap for future improvements. It includes site analysis and programming based on sales trends, demographics, and cemetery needs. It is a critical component in meeting current market demand and long term sustainability.

Cemetery landscape design is a unique challenge because it involves many different types of areas and uses. Oftentimes the design approach is to obliterate existing areas to lay out graves and then apply “landscaping”. This creates empty and homogenous expanses of burial space with little differentiation. A more productive way to think about this is to first consider the unique areas on a site such as a water feature, wooded hillside or other high point and then develop a cemetery design to express those features.

Cemetery planning should also include the opportunity to meet the increasing market for cremation interment in outdoor gardens or natural settings that will be less disruptive to environmental systems than full body burials. This could be accomplished by identifying a portion of the cemetery to expand into a columbaria to house cremains rather than burial plots.


Cemeteries must be more than a tranquil place to lay a loved one to rest. They must be a vibrant celebration of family, history and individuality, all integrated within a shared community. This requires a special kind of know-how.

Many people visit a cemetery to pay their respects and leave flowers on the grave or monument of their lost loved ones. These visits require accessibility and must be considered during the design process.

A well-designed cemetery should provide pedestrian and wheelchair accessible pathways throughout the property. This includes sidewalks, curb ramps and clear signage to navigate the cemetery’s complex layout. A cemetery should also consider how steep hills and other terrain will impact visitors’ ability to move around the site. This requires thoughtful and intentional planning and can be achieved through strategic placement of amenities, such as benches. It may also mean incorporating the use of adaptive technology, like audio guides, that are accessible to visitors with limited mobility.


A cemetery requires signage that informs and directs people to memorial plaques, memorial benches and directional maps. There is limited space on signs of practical size and design, printed or etched, to include the desired amount of information; the project leader and sign designer must prioritize what will best serve visitors and the site. Additional information in digital formats without size constraints may be linked to physical signs via QR codes and web sites, an approach that is becoming increasingly common.

Most cemeteries and mass grave sites have no visibility from major roads, so directional road signs are important in identifying the site to travelers. Identification signs at the burial sites are typically patterned to match those of the directional road signs, as shown for example in this proposal for an old Jewish cemetery at Rava-Ruska (Lviv oblast) and the memorial sign near the entrance to the forest that envelops the mass grave complex north of Drohobych (Lviv oblast). Signs installed within or near gravesites must be durable enough to withstand year round weather cycles, periodic cleaning, minor accidents, and ordinary vandalism.

Grading & Drainage

The grading and drainage in a cemetery is important because it determines the quality of the grounds. A well-grading plan helps protect the graves from being buried too deep, and it also prevents water runoff which can cause erosion.

Mourners often leave flowers on the columbarium walls, so a design that allows them to place a small posy near their loved ones’ plaque is appreciated. Some newer designs include clips that can be glued to the plaque for this purpose.

Cemetery Design can be complex and challenging, but it’s also rewarding. It’s a chance to create meaningful spaces that are both beautiful and respectful. Using an experienced consultant is the best way to ensure that your cemetery project is successful. The right team can help you design a beautiful, functional memorial park that will serve your community for generations to come. Get in touch to discuss your project today.


A cemetery is a place where people are buried. This differs from a graveyard, which is land that’s part of a church’s property.

It’s best to search cemeteries with another person. This offers safety and can help you find information on a gravestone that might be difficult to read. Always take notepaper or family group worksheets with you to record cemetery transcriptions accurately.


Visiting a cemetery can be an emotionally intense experience. But it’s also a place that offers peace. Whether it’s because of cultural and religious traditions, location or simply a desire to be closer to nature, people have been known to find comfort in the serenity of a graveyard.

The word cemetery comes from the Greek work koimeterion, meaning “a sleeping place”. And it’s true: we never know when our time will come. But that doesn’t mean we should stop visiting those who have passed on.

A cemetery is a dedicated area of land, with precise plot locations and clearly defined boundaries, that holds the remains of deceased individuals. A person who manages a cemetery is called a sexton. They are responsible for day-to-day operations, including opening and closing graves, maintaining burial records, selling cemetery services and managing the sale of cemetery lots. They are also tasked with respectfully caring for deceased individuals and the preservation of shared history.


A cemetery is a place to remember, reflect and honor the lives of those who have gone before us. Often, it is also a special and unique place to connect with family members and friends who have been lost.

When visiting a cemetery, be sure to follow all of the rules and respect the dead. It is important not to touch gravestones or monuments, and it is considered disrespectful to talk loudly or make noise in the cemetery. It is also important not to disturb the flowers and other decorations at a grave site.

Some cemeteries have buildings, such as a church or chapel, that are included in their grounds. Others have more modern facilities, such as a cemetery office or gate house. When you click on a cemetery or memorial site, FamilySearch will display helpful information about the place and show a list of people from your family tree who have been recorded as buried or honored there.


A cemetery serves a unique role in connecting friends and family who may have grown apart over the years. In addition to funeral services and visitations, it is customary to have gatherings at the gravesite (or at other locations if preferred). Gatherings provide a chance for friends to strengthen relationships, offer support, and remember their loved one in a comfortable and supportive environment.

In many Catholic nations, it is common to leave a burning memorial candle at a grave or monument. At war graves, it is customary to place a small timber remembrance cross and a red poppy.

Gatherings at the Cemetery also serve as a place where people can share stories about their deceased loved ones, which can be inspiring and moving or light and amusing. This is a natural part of the mourning process, and helps to ease the transition from ceremony back into daily life.


A cemetery is a place to rest the dead. The word comes from the Greek work koimeterion meaning “sleeping place.”

When someone dies, it’s normal to feel grief. This is a process that involves stages of mourning, and it can affect many different parts of your life.

One of the first feelings is anger. It can be directed at the person who died or others who may have caused their death. It also can mask as bitterness and resentment. It’s important to know that it’s normal and healthy to experience anger as part of the grieving process.

Another stage of grief is sadness. It can be overwhelming at times, and it can make you feel like you’re not able to live normally. It’s also normal to experience guilt. You may wonder if you could have done something to prevent your loved one’s death. You may also question your beliefs. Often, these thoughts fade over time, but they can surface again on anniversaries or other reminders.

memorial park

A memorial park to the AIDS epidemic must honor not only the victims, but also the activists and caregivers who mobilized to provide care for the sick, fight discrimination, alter drug approval processes, and ultimately change the course of the epidemic.

A memorial park must balance the symbiotic relationship between natural wilderness and active recreation. Centralizing areas of recreation and reuniting fragmented ecological areas will facilitate user experience while respecting the sensitivity of historical and cultural landscapes.

The History of Memorial Park

Over the years, Memorial Park has been home to many a memorable event, both pleasant and unpleasant. But despite the turbulent events that took place in the past, the park continues to be a beautiful and serene destination for all to visit and enjoy.

The park was originally the site of a county tuberculosis sanitarium before being purchased in 1945 for use as a recreation area. During its time as a recreational facility, the park has served a number of purposes including providing a space for community picnics and even hosting professional golfers like Johnny Weissmuller and Byron Nelson.

The most notable addition to the park came in the form of a monument dedicated to submariners who served during World War Two. The monument was sculpted by Charles Adrian Pillars and is known as Spiritualized Life. The only monument in the park that is centered between two flags, it is a reminder to all who serve that “Purity of Service is the Best Honor” and that “Pride Runs Deep in the Silent Service.”

The Original Memorial Walls

The original Memorial Park included a low wall with the inscription “A Time to Pause and Remember” surrounded by lush landscaping and a flagpole and American Flag. It also featured a 6′ tall and 20′ long Wall of Heroes that holds 400 gorgeous nameplates honoring all Horseshoe Bend and Jerusalem Valley veterans.

The names are grouped in meaningful adjacencies. Friends and colleagues appear together, as do members of flight crews, first responder agencies and units. Family members of victims can request to have their loved ones’ names inscribed alongside specific others.

The Gold Star Monument is the newest monument in the Memorial Park, and it features the void design that symbolizes those missing forever from their cherished families. It was built in accordance with style guidelines set by the Woody Williams Foundation, a national nonprofit that helps establish permanent Gold Star Monuments in communities nationwide. The monument is accompanied by a Gold Star Honor Roll.

The Vietnam War Memorial

The Wall of Remembrance lists the names of all servicemen and women who were killed or missing in action during the Vietnam War. The etched names begin and end at the origin point, or center, of the two walls – symbolizing the circle that a loss in this war created. The names are listed in chronological order. The original list contained 57,939 names. Today, that number has been reduced to 58,390 because of corrections, duplicates and servicemembers who were previously classified as Missing In Action and have since been accounted for.

The memorial is also home to the bronze statue of three servicemen that stands seven feet tall and carries a folded American flag. This statue honors the soldiers who never returned home and the men and women that fought to protect their country and freedom.

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is one of the most visited memorials in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of visitors make their way to the memorial each year, often leaving private offerings such as flowers, letters or dog tags.

The Peace Statue

The Peace Statue stands atop a hill at the far end of the Memorial Path. It is a 40 foot (12m) high giant lacquered Buddha figure, said to have required some 3.5 tons of lacquer and 18 years to complete.

It commemorates the thousands of Korean victims of the A-bomb, who were in Okinawa at the time as forced laborers. It faces in the direction of Korea to carry their souls back home.

A few other notable monuments in the Park include a stone lantern that was donated by the city of Dudley in England, and a Peace Cairn built from stones hewn from Britain’s highest mountain BEN NEVIS FORT WILLIAM Scotland, on 2 August 1972. The larger Peace Bell is also in the Park and visitors are encouraged to ring it for world peace. Unlike the competing headstones of traditional cemeteries, Memorial Park uses dignified sculptured bronze markers lying flat on landscaped plots to mark the locations of the graves.


A cemetery is a place for people to be buried. It is usually independent of a church and can accommodate people of all beliefs. It is also a place for family members to visit.

When you visit a cemetery, make a record of the inscriptions that you find on gravestones. It is also a good idea to take photos of the gravestones, but avoid touching them or making rubbings.

They are a place for people to be buried

Traditionally, people are buried in a cemetery after they die. Often, the gravestones are marked with information or tributes to the deceased. The location of the grave is also marked so that the grave can’t be accidentally exhumed. This practice is common in most cultures. The graves of married couples are usually grouped together in cemeteries, and their headstones face each other. This is a symbol of eternal love. Some families even choose to have the graves of multiple relatives buried together.

Unlike churchyards, which are affiliated with a specific religion, cemeteries are independent of churches and can be visited by both religious and non-religious people. Some cemeteries, such as Pere Lachaise, are landscape-style, allowing for more room than the traditional churchyards. They are also generally located outside of the center of a city or town. Some modern cemeteries are privately owned or operated by corporations. They offer a variety of burial options, such as niches and mausoleums.

They are a place for people to be remembered

A cemetery is a place for people to remember the deceased. It is usually located near a church and contains graves and tombs. It may also have niches for cremated remains or a scattering garden. Many cemeteries have a full-time staff to dig and maintain the grounds.

Monuments and headstones in a cemetery are typically maintained by families, but they can become damaged over time. In addition, they can be subject to vandalism and poor maintenance. The result is that they often look shabby and may not be visited as regularly.

Interestingly, it seems that religiosity is an important factor in the decision to visit a cemetery. This finding is in line with the ‘strong ties’ model that states that close ties to the dead play an important role in commemoration and rituals surrounding death. Moreover, a detailed analysis of the results shows that this effect is stronger for married compared to single individuals and for employed versus retired people.

They are a place for people to be healed

The word cemetery comes from the Greek word koimeterion, which means “sleeping place.” While a graveyard can be a final resting place for anyone, a cemetery is usually not affiliated with any church and can be used by people of all religions. A cemetery can be a large park-like site that is separated into plots for burials, or it may be a smaller, older site.

In the past, people buried their dead in churchyards, but this practice became increasingly difficult to maintain as cities and towns grew. In addition to space limitations, outbreaks of infectious diseases and poor sanitation made the practice unsustainable. In the early 19th century, many countries began to move away from burying their dead in churches or churchyards and instead built new cemeteries.

A cemetery is typically much larger than a graveyard, and it can contain more modern tombstones. It can also hold different types of interments, including cremation and inurnment of ashes.

They are a place for people to be prayed for

Visiting a cemetery is not just a ritual for the dead; it is a way to affirm the bond between the living and the dead. It also affirms the relationship between the Church Suffering and the Church Triumphant, a concept that is central to ecclesiology.

The term “cemetery” differs from the term “graveyard.” While both are used to refer to burial grounds, a cemetery is usually not affiliated with a specific church and is often located away from a town or city center. It is also possible for a mausoleum to be found within a cemetery.

In Jewish tradition, a cemetery prayer is a request for the deceased to intercede on behalf of those still alive. This practice was not popular amongst rabbinic sources, however, with many believing that it was an insult to ask the deceased to intercede for them. Some even thought it was heretical, which is why the Talmud specifically prohibited this practice in cemeteries (Ta’anit 4:17).

memorial park

Memorial Park is a peaceful park that provides an atmosphere of natural beauty for rest and meditation. It is a place where people can connect with their loved ones through the landscape.

Instead of competing headstones, Memorial Park uses dignified sculptured bronze markers lying flat on landscaped plots. The Gold Star Monument honors Gold Star families.

Peaceful Atmosphere

Memorial parks offer a serene and captivating atmosphere for visitors to pay their respects, remember loved ones, and find peace for quiet meditation. Unlike traditional cemeteries, these parks have dignified headstones that rest on landscaped plots and are designed to preserve the memory of the deceased.

Upon entering the park, the SA immediately noticed that the place evoked a sense of transition between two opposing atmospheres. This feeling was triggered by the presence of a river that created a liminal space between the city’s ordinary life and the memorial’s area. The SA also recalled seeing the A-Dome standing in ruins, which he perceived as a dichotomy between war and nature – a symbol of life and death respectively. These dichotomies were reinforced by the SA’s physical transition from inside to outside the Memorial Hall. These observations suggest that the SA experienced the Memorial Park as a genius loci (Dekel, 2009). The site’s layout and the SA’s movements in it enabled the situated emergence of the metaphor.

Dignified Headstones

A headstone, also known as a gravestone or tombstone, is an engraved granite marker that can memorialize a single loved one or a family. Headstones can be customized with words, photos, illustrations and symbols that celebrate a unique life.

Some families prefer a flat marker that sits flush to the ground. These can be designed to hold a vase for flowers, which is helpful during the spring and summer. Some markers may be adorned with custom shapes such as hearts, open books or crosses. Others feature a wing design that connects two upright tablets and can memorialize companions.

Carlisle borough officials who weren’t in office when the cemetery was converted to Memorial Park say they are now trying to piece together what happened. They are providing the historical society with all the documents related to that decision. But it’s a difficult task that has taken them to the edge of tears.

Community Events

Memorial park is a community gathering place for the entire family. It is a beautiful location where many different community events are held throughout the year. Some of the more popular ones include a halloween parade and a music in the park program on Tuesday evenings in the summer.

The NYC AIDS Memorial honors more than 100,000 New Yorkers who died of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). It also pays tribute to those who mobilized to care for the sick, fight discrimination, lobby for medical research, and change the drug approval process, turning the tide against the epidemic.

Memorial park is a large public park that contains a gym and sports facility, a meeting room, two baseball fields, two softball infields, a children’s playground, a tennis court complex, a skatepark, and 63 off-street parking spaces. The park is surrounded by beautiful trees and is the site of many community events and sports activities. It is a beautiful space that is a great place to bring the family for a picnic or a game of sports.

Historic Site

Located at the site of the former World Trade Center complex, this memorial park honors the 2,977 people who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks. The park offers activities such as baseball, biking, running, tennis, picnicking, and swimming.

Featuring over 673 acres of old-growth redwoods, this memorial park is a great place to go hiking. It also has family camping areas and nature trails.

This park has a variety of historic and natural attractions, including the John Brown State Historical Park Museum, which houses the log cabin that Reverend Samuel Adair and his family lived in when they stopped the spread of slavery into Kansas Territory.

A memorial park is a type of cemetery that features large garden-style plots with dignified sculptured bronze memorials instead of traditional upright monuments. They are designed to be optimistic places of beauty with an emphasis on celebrating life and remembering history. They are often surrounded by lush greenery and other decorative landscaping.

The Funeral Bureau regulates licensed funeral directors, embalmers and cremation providers and investigates consumer complaints. It also promotes advance funeral planning and protects consumers’ right to choose meaningful, dignified and affordable funeral arrangements.

When making arrangements, ask for a general price list. This will include contractual language that legally obligates you to pay for the selected goods and services.

They help you make funeral arrangements

There are many decisions to make when you lose a loved one, including the disposition of their body. A funeral director can help you with this process, which includes choosing a casket and arranging a memorial service. They can also guide you in making arrangements for obituaries, flower vendors, picture slideshows and more.

If you decide to use a funeral home, choose one that has a reputation for treating its customers well. It is important to shop around before making a decision, and you can ask friends or co-workers for their recommendations if you don’t have a preference.

When you meet with a funeral director, they should give you a General Price List that identifies prices for merchandise and services available at the funeral home. They are required to provide this list at the beginning of the arrangement conference, and they cannot charge you more than the prices on the list. You can also request the list by email or telephone.

They offer competitive prices

Whether you are planning ahead for yourself or are in the grieving process after the death of a loved one, funeral bureaus can help you compare prices and services. Many offer bundled packages for reduced costs. However, you should be aware of what is included in each package. You can ask for an itemized statement before signing a contract. This should include the selected goods and services, as well as unallocated overhead charges such as insurance or advertising.

Some commenters raised concerns that funeral providers do not always disclose all of the products and services they offer on their GPLs. For example, some provide information only on caskets and alternative containers that they sell themselves; fail to mention third party fees such as the cost of a newspaper obituary; or omit required items from their GPLs. Others noted that many consumers are emotionally distraught after a loved one’s death and do not have the time or energy to call multiple providers for price information.

They are regulated by your state’s funeral board

When a loved one passes away, families must make dozens of decisions quickly and under emotional duress. They must decide which funeral home to use, what casket to buy and whether the body will be buried or cremated. Some of these choices are legally protected by state consumer protection laws.

These laws include the Federal Trade Commission’s Funeral Rule, which requires funeral directors and firms to provide consumers with accurate itemized price information, and to disclose if a product or service is required by law. They also must not refuse or charge a fee to handle a casket bought elsewhere or make false claims about the preservative properties of a casket.

Licensing requirements for funeral services professionals vary by state, and licensing boards may have different educational and continuing education requirements. Students should contact their state board for more information. The International Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards is a not-for-profit voluntary association that administers the National Board Examination for funeral directors and embalmers.

They are a good place to start

A funeral director is a person who helps a family make arrangements for their loved one’s funeral. This is a highly responsible position, and many people find it to be a calling. The job is a rewarding career for those who are prepared for it, and offers competitive compensation. It is important to understand the costs involved in this type of arrangement. It is also helpful to work with a funeral director early in the process to avoid unexpected expenses.

Under the Funeral Rule, a funeral home must provide a General Price List (GPL) to anyone who inquires about its goods or services, regardless of whether they are making arrangements at-need or pre-need. This document must include identifying information and the itemized prices of the goods and services offered by the funeral home. It must also disclose any added charges, commissions, rebates, and discounts that are not passed on to consumers.

Recruiting and hiring the right staff member is crucial to your funeral home’s success. A study showed that employees who fit well with their company’s culture have higher job satisfaction and perform better at work.


Working with the dead is a mortician’s job, but this career can also be emotionally challenging. Learning self-care and practicing a healthy outlook on life can help.

Below is a standard white mortuary tray. The milk creates are where bodies are kept and prepared. The sink in the picture looks like a toilet, but is used to sterilise tools.

Working Conditions

Mortuary workers often have to work nontraditional hours. Preparing a body for burial or embalming may take place during the night, and morticians also must be on call to answer questions about funeral arrangements. Depending on the size of the funeral home, this may lead to long hours and inconsistent schedules.

Despite being an essential service, the death care industry is poorly regulated in many countries. This results in poor working conditions, especially in the case of mortuary attendants. Most of them are not properly trained on universal standard precautions when handling corpses.

InvoCare, the largest funeral home operator in New Zealand, has been accused of breaching safety rules after it exposed employees to dangerous levels of formaldehyde at three of its mortuaries. Employees at the company say they have been waiting for more than a year to see their exposure testing results. One former embalmer told RNZ that he had to buy his own mask as InvoCare didn’t offer it free to staff.

Working Hours

Morticians work traditional hours, but there are many situations when they have to work outside of those hours. They may be called in to perform duties during the night if there is an emergency or when a family is trying to arrange funeral services.

Morgue workers have a number of duties, including preparing bodies for funerals, making arrangements with clergy members, and ensuring that the body is not infected with disease. They must also maintain a high level of cleanliness and keep records of the deceased. They might have to shave corpses before a pathologist conducts an autopsy or remove organs with scalpels. They might also have to make arrangements for a cremation or burial.

A mortician’s career path may be a bit more unusual, but some people enjoy the responsibilities and caring nature of this position. They often prefer a work environment that is primarily indoors and may have a more flexible schedule than other jobs.

Education Requirements

Aspiring morticians need to go through a two-year associate degree program in mortuary science and complete an apprenticeship. The apprenticeship may take place while the student is still in school, or it can be completed after graduation. In some states, the student must also pass a state licensing exam before they can start working as a funeral director or embalmer.

The funeral industry is a very emotional one, and those who work in a mortuary are exposed to human fragility on a daily basis. It is important for anyone in this profession to be able to handle the stress and tragedy of death with grace, compassion and dignity.

The best option for future morticians is to attend a mortuary science program at an accredited college or university. Ideally, the students should take a broad range of classes that will prepare them for the many different aspects of this career. These courses should include biology, chemistry, anatomy and physiology, English, and speech classes.

Job Duties

Morticians, also known as undertakers, are responsible for the end-to-end funerary process. They meet with families, advise them on funeral options and help plan the burial service. They also prepare the body for cremation and embalming. They have to be very empathetic and respectful in their dealings with the bereaved.

They are required to be on call for grieving families at any time. This could mean working out of hours, on a late shift or even overnight. They must be able to work well under pressure and keep up with the demands of the job.

The results of this study highlighted the need for a formal apprenticeship programme for mortuary attendants to equip them with the skills and knowledge needed for their work. This will enable them to provide high quality services to the bereaved families and build their confidence in a challenging profession. It will also enhance the credibility of their scientific work and establish a career pathway for them.


While many people use the terms graveyard and cemetery interchangeably, there are some distinct differences between them. Graveyard refers to a resting place on church property, and cemetery refers to a burial ground unaffiliated with any particular religious organization.

Both can be beautiful, serene places to visit, but there are some things that you should know before visiting.


A graveyard is a burial ground. It is often affiliated with a church and located on the churchyard or church grounds. Traditionally, churchyards were limited in space and allowing only members of that church to be buried there. As space ran out, non-church associated cemeteries were established and the terms graveyard and cemetery began to be used interchangeably.

Graveyards tend to be older and somewhat chaotic in appearance with old tombstones scattered around the area. Cemeteries, on the other hand, are usually newer and neatly divided into family plots.

If you work late at night, your shift is known as a graveyard shift. This is not because you are watching over a graveyard full of dead people, but rather because the graveyard hours are known for their darkness and strangeness. This spooky term has its origins in superstition and legend, including the idea that witches or sorcerers rob graveyards to get the skulls and bones they need for their ceremonies.


The term cemetery carries connotations of secrecy and a dark aura. It is the site of supposed black magic ceremonies and other clandestine happenings, including grave robbing for skulls (gold teeth and jewelry are preferred), thrilling sex encounters and other sinister activities.

During the early days of modern civilization, people generally buried their dead on their own property or in a burial ground adjoining a church. As the population grew, these churchyards quickly reached their maximum capacity and new burial sites were established, known as cemeteries.

Unlike the quaint old-fashioned churchyards, most modern cemeteries are massive spaces with hard boundaries that are often maintained by a private company and are referred to as memorial parks. These are often scattered throughout the city, rather than being located on church grounds like their medieval counterparts. These spaces are a reflection of the increasing separation between our world and the afterlife. They also accentuate our desire for technological advancements that can bridge the gap between our lives and the world beyond.


Generally, graveyards are affiliated with a church. Since they are confined to church grounds, they tend to be smaller in size due to land limitations. Churches may also have stipulations that only members of their religion be buried on their property.

However, as the population grew and churches ran out of space, non-church-associated cemeteries were developed to provide additional burial options. This allowed people of all faiths to be buried in one place.

Some modern graveyards have become places of peace and solace for those who have lost loved ones, while others have been taken over by malevolent forces and evil villains. Even so, the beauty of many graveyards is something to behold. For example, Green-Wood Cemetery in NYC features resplendent ginkgo trees, tranquil koi ponds and decorative mausoleums. The cemetery is so popular, it’s a must-visit for visitors to NYC.


While the terms graveyard and cemetery are often used interchangeably, a graveyard is a specific type of cemetery. Graveyard comes from the Latin cimetiere, which derives from the Greek word koimeterion, meaning “sleeping place.” Originally, European church bodies were buried in the grounds surrounding their places of worship, so the term referred to the portion of a churchyard that contained burials.

As church attendance decreased, the churches’ graveyards filled up, and people began to be buried in other locations. Because of this, a more generalized term emerged, cemetery, which is not associated with any particular church.

Today, many people who are buried in the ground do not attend any church and therefore would not be considered part of the congregation. Also, many people from different religious backgrounds are buried in cemeteries rather than in churchyards. For these reasons, some people prefer to use the term cemetery when speaking about a resting place and graveyard for an actual church-related burial ground.

Cemetery Design

Modern cemetery design thinks beyond a place to lay a grave; it’s a vibrant celebration of family, history and individuality. This requires a unique blend of knowledge and skill.

Often designed to be admired from a distance, slant memorials may feature unique shapes or a statue. They also can be engraved with unique words or symbols.

Master Plan

Whether it’s to accommodate the increasing needs of the community or to provide new burial alternatives, a thoughtful master plan is necessary to guide cemetery expansions and improvements. This includes a thorough review of the existing inventory, development costs and site capabilities, as well as an analysis of burial types and quantities, mausoleums, cremation needs and more.

A cemetery’s landscape should be designed to evoke feelings of peace and tranquility for its visitors. We encourage the use of native flora that thrives in the climate and soil conditions of the region, as it is both environmentally sensitive and cost effective for the long term.

In addition, innovative alternatives for burying remains are being pursued as the world struggles with limited land resources. For example, a cemetery in England has developed a modular system that doubles the amount of burial space and is less costly than traditional ground burial. We also see an increased demand for urn gardens and skyscrapers that offer a unique way of celebrating the memory of loved ones.

Landscape and Architecture

Cemeteries are complex places that offer the opportunity to create memorable spaces. They must balance the needs of all users with a sensitivity to tradition, family, history, and individuality. This translates to efficient street layouts, harmonious neighborhoods of related structures, a sense of place, and a design vocabulary that honors the past.

The landscape at Green-Wood is an exemplar of what cemetery designers can achieve. The reinterpretation of the classical concept of a cemetery allows nature to play an important role, while respecting the primary function of a cemetery as a social space for reflection and memorialization.

Well-planned landscaping can also save costs and resources. For example, reducing the amount of asphalt pavement and using organic fertilizers reduces maintenance costs. Planting native grasses reduces mowing time, which lowers groundskeeping costs. And preserving land for burial plots and park features increases revenue. All of this requires a deep understanding of a community’s cultural and spiritual traditions.


Cemetery signage needs to be carefully designed. It must be cost effective and clearly communicate the information needed by visitors in a non-obtrusive manner. Cemetery maps should be well designed and be easy to read by people of all ages. They should also be aesthetically pleasing and should fit the overall character of the cemetery or crematoria.

Monumental signs, and plaques need to be carefully located within the cemetery so that they are visible to visitors. The location of these signs is also important because they affect the burial capacity of a cemetery and the amount of space available for new graves in future years.

Lawn cemetery visitors have a tendency to leave flowers and other items on the graves, especially those of children. This clutter makes it difficult to mow the lawns and creates a maintenance challenge. Some war graves will be marked with timber remembrance crosses with red poppies, and Jewish war graves are often adorned with burning memorial candles.

Grading and Drainage

As a cemetery grows it becomes more complex to manage and maintain. The layout of roads and grading of burial areas is critical to the functionality of the grounds.

Cemeteries are an integral part of a community. They tell a city’s story, provide a place of peace and honor the deceased. It is important that the design of these unique landscapes reflect their function and the needs of the families they serve.

Well-planned landscaping helps with flow, mowing, maintenance and aesthetics. Using native grasses reduces mowing costs and the use of chemical fertilizers. Water features such as ponds provide a tranquil setting and attract wildlife.

Our designers work with our clients to help evaluate alternatives and different approaches to a project. This allows us to stay within a realistic budget and make the most efficient installations. The results of this process are a quality cemetery design that will stand the test of time.

A cemetery is land set aside for burial or entombment. Geography, religion, and social attitudes all affect where and how a community buries its dead.

Cemeteries have drawn scholarly attention, but findings are often contradictory. A few enduring themes do emerge from the literature. For example, there is an association between church attendance and cemetery visits.

Historical Connection

Cemeteries are a part of the history of a community, and provide an important window into how the residents of a place once lived. Headstones and other mementos offer insights into jobs, relationships, social connections, and other aspects of a person’s life. Researchers have found evidence of respectful burial in tombs from the Stone Age that were discovered with a variety of tools, vessels and utensils still intact.

The terms ‘graveyard’ and ‘cemetery’ are often used interchangeably, but there is a difference in meaning. A graveyard is land that has been set aside for burial, usually attached to a church. The word comes from the Greek koimeterion, meaning sleep or resting place.

Unlike other city property, cemetery land does not generally come under the power of condemnation. Speculative cemetery crazes have swept the country from time to time, and it is best for cities to take a proactive role in keeping an eye on these developments.

Peaceful Environment

A cemetery provides a peaceful environment where people can grieve in peace. This allows individuals to focus on pursuing their goals and aspirations without the distraction of fear and conflict.

Peaceful environments are essential for businesses, schools, and hospitals to operate effectively. They promote teamwork and collaboration between employees, allowing for the exchange of ideas and the creation of new solutions to problems. In addition, they allow students to learn in an atmosphere free of anxiety and fear, promoting a more positive learning experience.

A cemetery also gives people the opportunity to visit loved ones’ graves and pay their respects. Despite the fact that visiting is not mandatory, many families choose to do so, leaving behind flowers and other decorations on the gravestones. However, these decorations can often become unmaintained due to the passage of time and environmental conditions. This can lead to damage or even destruction of the grave monuments and headstones. This can result in a grave being re-used, which can cause distress to family members.

A Place of Remembrance

For many people, a cemetery is a special place to remember and honor the deceased. Many people choose to decorate a grave with flowers or other tributes to show love and respect for their loved ones. Others may bring cleaning supplies to gently clean a headstone, which is a way of showing they care for the memory of their loved one.

Burial rituals around the world have changed over time. As populations grew, church graveyards became full, and independent sites called cemeteries began to be established. The word cemetery comes from the Greek koimeterion, meaning “sleeping place” or “dormitory.”

Visiting a cemetery is often a very emotional experience. When visiting a gravesite, it is important to maintain a hushed tone and respect the feelings of those around you. It is also a good idea to familiarize yourself with the rules of each cemetery before you visit, as they may have different guidelines for visitors than you are used to.

A Place of Healing

Whether a loved one chooses burial or cremation, the location of their final resting place is an important decision. Cemeteries offer many options that can fit any individual’s needs. There are also a variety of funeral services that can be held at the cemetery, which can provide comfort throughout the grieving process.

The setting of a cemetery, with its quiet, peaceful environment and shady trees, can be comforting when dealing with the loss of a loved one. In addition, there are traditions such as visiting on special dates like anniversaries or birthdays that can help with the healing process.

In keeping with Gibson’s notion of affordance, it is possible that memorial landscapes facilitate and guide, but also constrain and forbid, certain actions and behaviors. Thus, they may serve as a site for the societal transformation that comes with overcoming grief and recognizing life’s fragility and preciousness.