Mortuary science is a career that may come with a stigma, but it involves more than just working with the dead. It also involves compassionate service workers and business management skills.

A morgue is a place in hospitals where bodies are stored temporarily until they can be autopsied or transported for disposition. It usually has refrigerated drawer-like compartments.

Career Opportunities

Mortuary science graduates have many opportunities for careers in the industry. They can find jobs at funeral homes and other service providers. These positions usually offer better pay and more advancement opportunities.

They can also start their own businesses in the death care industry. They can offer memorial services and other funeral services to people who have lost loved ones. They can also work as pre-need sales representatives or cemetery planners. They can also find jobs as monument engravers and manufacturers or funeral home product developers.

Some mortuary professionals enjoy the challenge of restoring bodies for burial or cremation. Others prefer to work with grieving families and help them plan celebrations of life. They can also find opportunities in other areas of the industry, such as merchandising and funeral home operations management. The industry is expanding, and more women and non-binary people are entering the profession. Many morticians enjoy their careers and are happy to work with the dead.


There are several requirements for someone interested in a mortuary career. A high school diploma or GED certificate is a must, and an associate degree in mortuary science from an accredited program is required for those seeking licensure as either embalmer or funeral director.

A mortuary education includes courses on the psychology of grief, anatomy and the scientific processes behind preserving bodies. Students may also take courses that discuss the cultural and religious traditions associated with different kinds of funeral services.

Some people enter the funeral industry through apprenticeships or internships that provide hands-on training. Others enter via formal educational programs, such as mortuary science and funeral service degrees that are accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education or ABFSE. These programs typically include a combination of classroom and lab work. Some schools offer hybrid programs that let students complete part of their coursework online and reduce commuting times and expenses. Scholarships are available from funeral service organizations and other sources to help people afford mortuary education.

Work Environment

The work environment in a mortuary is not for everyone, and it can be emotionally stressful. Morticians must be able to deal with the emotions of the departed and their grieving loved ones. The job can also be physically exhausting. In addition, the hours can be irregular and on-call.

A mortuary is usually attached to a funeral home, and it is where the deceased are kept for identification and preparation for burial or cremation. It is different from a morgue, which is typically found in hospitals or medical examiners’ offices and where autopsies are performed.

Studies on funeral and mortuary workers are rare, but the results of one study suggest that there may be increased risk for occupational burnout among people working in this field. The findings also suggest that resources and health-promoting guidance strategies are needed for this occupational population. The study indicated that the most important psychosocial factors influencing burnout in the funeral and mortuary industry are supervisor incivility and negative spillover from the family workplace.

Emotional Challenges

As with any career that focuses on death and the deceased, morticians and funeral directors must be prepared to deal with some intense emotional challenges. They often interact with bereaved family members and view and manipulate corpses on a daily basis, which can lead to burnout symptoms.

Additionally, funeral and mortuary workers must cope with occupational stigma. According to one study, this stigma was able to increase both cynicism and emotional exhaustion.

Fortunately, there are some positive aspects of this unique career path. Mortuary students and graduates are able to make a meaningful impact on grieving families, and they can enjoy some unique work experiences that allow them to wear many different hats. No day is the same for a mortuary employee, and there are always new challenges and opportunities to tackle.


The death of a loved one often opens the door to many new discussions and decisions. This can include the choice of burial site.

The term graveyard is frequently used interchangeably with cemetery, but there are some key differences. This article will explore the differences between the two, as well as some of their etymology.


Many words associated with funerals and death have specific meanings that help clarify terms and procedures. Two such words are graveyard and cemetery. These two words may seem similar and can even be used interchangeably, but there is a difference between them.

During the Middle Ages, wealthy or important Christians were interred inside the church after they died, often in a crypt. Less wealthy congregants were buried outside in a section of the churchyard that became known as the graveyard. As populations increased and churchyards filled up, new burial grounds, unaffiliated with churches, were created and referred to as cemeteries.

This lack of religious affiliation allows people of all faiths to be buried in a cemetery, and there are also fewer restrictions regarding the headstones that can be used. Nevertheless, there are still some restrictions in place regarding re-using the graves of individuals who have been buried for decades because it can be difficult or impossible to locate living family members.


In the past, a graveyard described a burial site that was affiliated with a church. Since churches often had a monopoly on this type of land, they were able to enforce strict regulations over the burial ceremony and processes, including the headstones used. Churches would discourage overly intricate and overt headstone inscriptions, so that the graveyard stayed true to Christian values and traditions.

However, as churches ran out of space to bury the people who died, new sites were established outside of church property and these became known as cemeteries. These were typically much larger and tended to have more natural landscapes.

This type of burial grounds also allow for re-use, though this is controversial as many families consider reusing their family’s grave to be a desecration. For this reason, natural burials usually don’t include headstones and instead rely on exact GPS recordings or the placement of a tree or bush to mark a grave.


There are many symbols commonly found on gravestones. Some have clear meanings while others require a bit of speculation. Symbols may be carved or written on the stone and represent anything that the person buried deemed important.

Among the most common are a cross or anchor, which symbolizes hope and steadfastness, respectively. An anchor may be used as a disguised cross, or it may be the tribune of Saint Nicholas, patron saint of seamen. Skulls, either winged or on their side, serve as memento mori, a reminder of mortality.

Hands carved on gravestones often show clasping, pointing, and praying. Flowers, such as roses and tulips, often symbolize love or beauty. Ivy, which may be fashioned into a wreath, is representative of friendship and fidelity. Oak leaves symbolize strength and victory. Willows, which droop like the grieving weeping willow, are associated with feminine deities and the moon. They are a symbol of remembrance and sorrow. The interlaced Celtic knot symbolizes resurrection and immortality.


Many people use the terms graveyard and cemetery interchangeably, but they are not the same thing. A graveyard is a large ground that is used to bury the remains of dead people. A cemetery is a free-standing structure that contains the remains of people.

During the Middle Ages, wealthy and influential Christians were often interred inside of a church, typically in a crypt. However, less wealthy congregants were buried outside in a graveyard. Graveyards were often attached to a church and tend to be smaller due to land restrictions.

The word graveyard is derived from the Germanic word graban, meaning to dig. It is also related to the English words graf, grange and ditch. In addition, the word is cognate with the Latin term coemeterium or cimiterium. By the early 19th century, church graveyards were becoming full and independent sites called cemeteries began to rise in popularity as designated final resting places for those who did not want to be buried inside of a church.

Cemeteries need to think beyond a place to lay a grave. They need to be a vibrant celebration of life, family, history and individuality integrated into a shared community.

Rather than creating empty and homogenous expanses of graves, smart cemetery construction can avoid sunken markers and patchy turf. It takes an experienced team to understand the delicate nature of this type of project.

Master Plan

Modern cemetery design focuses on connecting with the community and providing options for every personality to be remembered the way they want to be. It encourages natural areas and works with the existing geographic assets on the property. It can include a wooded path dotted with engraved cremation rocks, plaques or benches for remembrance and quiet reflection.

The master plan is a comprehensive and strategic roadmap for the cemetery. It includes a review of the site with regards to topography, drainage, earthwork, vegetation, climate and other aspects of the property. It also includes a program statement including burial types and quantities, mausoleums, cremation needs, chapels, office buildings, parking, circulation and maintenance yards.

It should also consider the increasing demand for cremation interment and provide attractive places for this option. It is a good idea to review the master plan regularly, perhaps every 5 years. This will ensure that the cemetery is meeting the needs of its market and planning for future growth.

Landscape and Architecture

Modern cemetery design must think beyond a place to lay a grave; it must be a vibrant celebration of life, family, history, individuality and community, integrated within a shared urban space. This kind of thinking requires a particular skill set, one that includes an understanding of the needs of society and the landscape of the site.

A cemetery’s landscape should be beautiful and easy to navigate. Proper grading and drainage can prevent water from pooling and damaging the site, as well as make it easier for visitors to find their way around. The landscaping should also take into account the religious and cultural traditions of the community it serves.

Cremation gardens and estates require good design, rich materials, pleasant textures, and water features to be successful in a memorial park setting. These types of elements add interest and beauty to the landscape and help create a memorable experience for the families. Scenic vistas can be created by placing end terminuses such as a mausoleum or chapel at one end of the axis and an intermediate terminus such as a cremation garden with pavilion or a fountain at the other.


A cemetery is a very delicate space and it is important to provide access to those who come to visit. This can be done with thoughtful design cues, as well as through a comprehensive site mapping.

With an accurate map of the burial grounds, plots, monuments and headstones, a cemetery can plan for future needs more effectively. It also allows the administration to verify that all memorials meet specific guidelines in terms of construction and size.

Many cemeteries have established restrictions on the types of memorials that can be installed. These can include things like material type, color and language used in the inscription. These restrictions ensure that the memorials will be consistent with the rest of the cemetery and do not detract from the overall look or safety of a section. This also helps to prevent overcrowding.


When a cemetery is in use the provision of appropriate signage for all parts of the grounds is vital. This is to allow visitors to quickly and easily find graves or specific monuments as well as to provide them with helpful information about the Cemetery grounds.

Signage includes directional signs, identification signs and memorial plaques or bench markers. The design of the signage should be carefully considered to ensure that it fits into the overall Cemetery Design and does not distract from the memorials or the ambiance of the site.

Thick aluminum metal Cemetery signs are durable and resist vandalism. A laminated finish protects the surface of the sign and helps it to retain its good looks for a long time.


Cemetery is a plot of land that contains the remains of deceased people. Graves are marked with a headstone or marker that indicates who is buried there.

For many, cemeteries are a peaceful and tranquil place for reflection and connection with loved ones who have died. This space can also inspire a deeper awareness of our own mortality, encouraging introspection and a change in perspective.

Identifying Your Ancestors

The inscriptions on your ancestor’s tombstone can reveal more than just their birth and death dates. You can discover things like their branch of the military, religion and other interests through the symbols they chose to include on their headstone. It can also help break down brick walls in your research by connecting you with other relatives who are buried nearby.

If you haven’t already, explore online cemetery databases such as FindAGrave and BillionGraves. These websites are based on user submissions and may not contain complete information, but they can be useful for locating grave sites that aren’t listed elsewhere.

Make sure to examine a headstone from all angles, including the back and sides. If a stone has inscriptions on more than one side, tap the link icon to keep them together. You can also use this feature to connect photos of multiple family members who share the same headstone. This can be particularly helpful for obelisks and other multi-sided tombstones.

Locating Cemeteries

While there are several compilations of cemetery information, it’s important to visit the actual cemeteries to transcribe and photograph gravestones. Each cemetery has its own ownership structure, financial endowment plan and staff configuration. They can be public or private, religious or secular, for-profit or not-for-profit, and may also operate funeral homes.

Cemetery research can provide valuable insights on ethnic groups that lived in an area, lifestyles and historical events that occurred there. They can also reveal how poor or affluent the area was.

Before you head to the cemetery, start by searching online obituaries and visiting funeral homes (see classroom lesson Taking a Field Trip). You can also try published family histories. If you don’t find what you’re looking for, check directly with the cemetery sexton or front office staff. They may be able to provide you with maps of the cemetery, plots and their locations, or even offer some tips on locating the specific grave site of your ancestor.

Visiting Cemeteries

It is important to remember that a cemetery is not just a place of mourning but also a community space. There are specific rules and etiquette that should be followed to ensure a pleasant experience for all who visit the grounds. If you have children with you, it is a good idea to talk about these rules before your trip.

Most cemeteries have websites that outline their visiting hours and rules. You can also call the office and ask about these rules and regulations.

While you are in the cemetery, it is best to only walk on the paths that the cemetery has created for visitors to use. Doing so will help keep the cemetery clean, and it will allow you to focus more on paying your respects. When you are done with your visit, it is important to leave quickly so that other people can get in and out of the cemetery. It is also a good idea to leave a little bit early so that the cemetery is not overcrowded with visitors.

Taking Photos

When taking photos in a cemetery, it’s best to be respectful of those who are there to mourn. Avoid rubbing or scratching the stones or erecting structures on them (like an altar or trellis) unless you have the express permission of the family. Also avoid using techniques that alter the image of a gravestone or tomb, like infrared photography and extreme HDR processing.

A camera with a wide angle lens is essential for most cemetery shots, but a zoom can also come in handy. If the cemetery allows it, a drone can provide a unique perspective of the whole space.

Look for interesting details on the stone or a monument: texture, lichen and moss, carvings and text. Take a close shot of the inscription, and a distant one that shows the marker in relation to others in the cemetery. If the headstone is a family plot, note where other members of the family are buried as well.

Cemetery Design

Master planning helps a cemetery balance development costs with revenue and expand inventory based on need. It also provides a framework for demonstrating permanency to city planners and the public.

Grever & Ward prepares highly functional and attractive burial section plans based on contemporary needs for operational and maintenance economy. These are combined with attractive, salable product selections tailored to your known market.

Designing for the Future

Bidding our loved ones farewell is a highly personal and intimate moment. Cemetery design should be sensitive to these emotional experiences by providing spaces that are soothing and peaceful.

The new cemetery designs take advantage of the beauty of the landscape and provide unique opportunities for memorialization. The strong inclination to cremation allows for the interment of less space, allowing more of the property to be used for gardens and open spaces. The landscapes are replete with eye-opening beauty and offer places for meditation and inspiration.

It is also necessary to consider the long-term sustainability of a cemetery property. This is why it is recommended to have a master plan on the books for new and existing cemeteries, to establish management’s vision of how the site should function over time. The master plan can guide capital improvements and help anticipate future demand, ensuring that the cemetery will serve generations to come.

Designing for the Past

Cemeteries should be accessible to people with physical disabilities. This requires sidewalks and wheelchair-accessible paths throughout the property and adequate parking. It also means ensuring that the cemetery is well-lit and safe.

It’s also important to consider the impact of cemetery design on the environment and on the communities they serve. For example, planting trees that provide shade and nutrients can reduce upkeep costs and create a sense of place.

Finally, cemetery design should include the right mix of facilities and amenities that will appeal to the community. For example, burial plots with views or proximity to park features command premium prices and help increase revenues.

Designing for the Survivors

Cemeteries are a place for both the dead and the living. Designing a space that can accommodate the needs of both is the essence of cemetery design.

A well designed cemetery will also provide a sense of beauty and serenity that will attract both the living and the dead.

Good cemetery design is not only a way to make a graveyard look beautiful, but it also helps increase revenue. Cemetery plots near a memorial park feature or scenic landscape often command a premium over a standard lawn burial.

Involving the community in a cemetery master planning process is an important step. Not only does it add to the overall success of a project, but it will also allow the community to become involved with a monument or memorial that they will own for years to come. A successful master plan process will identify short and long term needs of a cemetery or mausoleum, develop a budget and phasing plan to work new projects into existing spaces.

Designing for the Community

A cemetery should be an important part of a community. It can be a place where families gather, where remembrances are celebrated and, ultimately, where a final farewell is bid. This is a delicate task that needs to be handled with care, respect and understanding.

Cemetery master planning can help to address issues that arise throughout the lifespan of a cemetery. For example, water drainage piping needs to be perfectly sized during the design phase to avoid high up front costs and future replacement costs.

A cemetery can also play a role in the community by being an attractive and accessible place to visit, providing a calming environment that can soothe the soul and offer a refuge from the busy world outside. The use of trees and plantings like birch trees, weeping willows and sugar maple can help to achieve this and promote wildlife on site as well.


A cemetery is a place where people are buried. Modern cemeteries are usually expansive landscapes and are independent of churches or religious organizations.

Visiting your ancestor’s grave is an important part of family history research. When you do, make sure to take pictures of the headstone and jot down any information you can find on the marker.

Memorial Location

The erecting of a memorial, whether it is an individual grave marker, a mausoleum or columbarium, serves many practical and emotional purposes. It documents the location of an individual at rest and provides a permanent link to that person’s past, present and future. Memorialization helps mourners cope with loss and assists them in moving from a life with the person to a life with their memory.

A cemetery is a place set apart for burial or entombment of the dead, reflecting geographic locale, cultural beliefs, social attitudes and aesthetic and sanitary considerations. Cemeteries can be public or private, owned by a municipality, fraternal organization, association, or corporation.

A cemetery’s owner is the steward of the individual lot owners burial rights and is responsible for the quality of care that is provided to those at rest in their facility. They directly impact the level of service that is offered to families by establishing their policies, practices and Rules and Regulations.

A Place of Reflection

Cemeteries are often seen as places of introspection and solace. They offer a quiet space for remembrance and can help people better understand their beliefs and values.

For people of all faiths and no religion, a cemetery provides a place to reflect on the impermanence of life and can inspire hope. The serene beauty of a cemetery, from its flowers to its verdant trees, can also be comforting and remind us of nature’s cyclical nature.

Traditionally, the responsibility for caring for a grave has fallen to the surviving family and friends, including the placement of a headstone or plaque and maintaining the grounds and monuments. This can be a heavy load and many families find the support of a cemetery helpful in their grief journey. Cemetery services include the excavation of graves, preparing the burial ground and constructing headstones and other markers. They also provide grounds maintenance services and respond to storm damage. They are also a source of community events and educational programs.

A Place of Solace

Cemeteries are a space for community and shared grief. Individuals who are grieving often seek solace by seeking out others with similar experiences, finding comfort in the understanding of those who have experienced the loss of someone they loved.

Historically, due to sanitation concerns, the burying process was restricted to the land surrounding a church, now called a churchyard. Over time, however, the capacity of churchyards became unsustainable and new burial grounds that were independent of churches were created. Today, the terms graveyard and cemetery are used interchangeably, though linguistic precision would suggest that “graveyard” refers to a churchyard while “cemetery” refers to a more modern, separate burial ground.

The word solace is derived from Latin solari, which means to console or comfort. Visiting a cemetery can offer consolation to mourners, as evidenced by studies by Bachelor (2004) and Jedan, Maddrell, and Venbrux (2018). In addition, the calming natural environment of a cemetery may also assist with the healing process following a loss.

A Place of Community

In addition to providing a final resting place for loved ones, a cemetery provides a community with a sense of history, tradition and kinship. A cemetery may be a municipal, religious, fraternal or private operation and is owned by an individual, family, corporation or association. Its ownership structure determines the mix of burial options, memorials and legacy services offered by the cemetery.

Until about the 7th Century CE, European burials were exclusively controlled by the church and were conducted on consecrated church grounds. As populations began to grow and church graveyards reached capacity, it became necessary for independent sites to be established to provide space for interments.

Many older cemetery excavations can be found in urban and suburban areas, as well as on the outskirts of towns. As a result, some cemeteries run out of room and are forced to discontinue use as burial locations, often requiring the closure of graves. In order to avoid this, many modern cemetery sites offer a variety of re-use burial options for families who have already been interred there.

memorial park

The lower level curatorial space showcases local war history and pays tribute to the soldiers. It also offers a quiet place for contemplation and exploration.

The memorial park will incorporate a series of segments walls that will raise up to create the Museum program and Contemplative spaces. It will also be a green buffer against the rapidly growing city.


From larger-than-life carvings of presidents to open park lands and elaborate memorials, Washington’s Memorial Park is full of history. This historic area is a testament to America’s democracy and military history.

This is one of the largest and most beautiful parks in the United States. It is home to several memorials, including the National World War II Memorial and the Lincoln Memorial. The park also has a number of recreational facilities.

The newest memorial in the Park is the Gold Star Monument that was built in conjunction with the Woody Williams Foundation and Delaware’s Gold Star families. It is the only memorial in the Park that features a void design symbolic of those missing loved ones who have died for their country. It is the first Memorial in the Park to incorporate a second commemorative marker directly behind it. This memorial is located in the park’s northwest corner adjacent to the baseball field.


In addition to traditional gravestones lying flat on landscaped plots, many memorial parks have monuments erected as a reminder of the brave men and women who have served their country. They also feature fun activities that are less about mourning and more about life celebration. This helps sustain the feeling of connectedness with the departed and their loved ones.

One such monument is a 3″ anti-aircraft gun that was used on a US Navy/Merchant Marine vessel. It is located near the entrance to the park. Another is the Rescue Squad Monument which is a three-tablet granite monument. The names of Rescue Squad members killed in the line of duty are inscribed on it.

The latest addition to the park is the Committed Forces Walk which features 1/2 inch PGHD laser-etched black granite plaques on 26-inch x 14-inch slant pedestals built by Picture This On Granite. This monument honors those who died in the line of duty as police officers and members of the Rescue Squad.


The geologic formations that comprise Arches National Park are among the world’s most spectacular. Over 2,000 natural rock arches are found within the Park’s boundaries. These structures are formed when wind and water erode the fins of the Entrada Sandstone, creating bridge-like structures over the less permeable Carmel layers above.

A variety of hikes is available for visitors to experience the park’s sandstone arches. Some are short hikes that take only a couple hours, while others are more difficult half-day hikes for the intermediate and advanced hikers.

During the Laramide Orogeny, tectonic forces warped rocks throughout the area of Utah where Arches National Park is located. The movement distorted the geologic column forming anticlines and synclines where the older rock beds were folded beneath the younger ones.


When joggers in Memorial Park take to the greenery, they aren’t just taking their daily workout. They’re traversing hallowed ground, says a new book. “Born of war, Memorial Park is Houston’s green heart.”

The first statue in the Park was dedicated to the veterans who served in the Armed Forces with a plaque that reads, “This statue is dedicated by the workers of the DRBA Veterans Committee to all veterans whose loyalty and service during times of peace and war define the character of this great nation.”

A stone figure portraying Sojourner Truth sits on a granite pedestal. The sculpture was created by Thomas Jay Warren, who studied sculpting as a Presidential Scholar at Mississippi College. Warren was also responsible for the Monument to the Confederate Dead and the Northampton Association of Education and Industry memorial in the town of Northampton, Massachusetts. In the background are eight granite pylons with the names of the American servicemen lost in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II.

funeral bureau

The Funeral Bureau regulates the business of funeral directing and embalming by licensing practitioners, inspecting funeral homes, investigating consumer complaints, and providing education. It also promotes advance planning and advocates for consumer rights.

Some funeral providers enter into arrangements with government agencies to provide package funerals for indigent persons or others eligible for a government benefit. When qualifying persons inquire about these arrangements, the provider must offer them a GPL with itemized prices and disclosures.

They offer a variety of services

A funeral home is a licensed establishment that provides for the burial or cremation of bodies. It is a complex business that requires many skills and responsibilities. Its employees must meet high standards and be aware of state regulations. Funeral homes also offer preplanning services, which allow families to make arrangements for their loved ones before they die. This service helps families take some of the burden off their relatives and allows them to save money.

Some funeral providers enter into agreements with government agencies or persons to provide for arrangements for indigent people or those who are eligible to receive a government benefit. When this occurs, the provider must follow Rule requirements, including providing a General Price List, Casket Price List, Outer Burial Container Price List, and an itemized Statement of Funeral Goods and Services Selected.

Some funeral homes may present their outer burial container options in a book that contains photographs of the containers available for sale. This method may be used as an alternative to the required GPL, but it is still required to provide a GPL to all consumers at their arrangement conference.

They are regulated

People are at their most vulnerable after the death of a loved one, and funeral arrangements can add to their anxiety. This insight was the basis for the Federal Trade Commission’s Funeral Rule, which protects consumers from being taken advantage of during moments of grief. The Rule requires that funeral homes provide a written General Price List (GPL) and Casket Price List to consumers, so they can make informed decisions.

The GPL must include identifying information and prices for all goods and services offered by the funeral provider. It must also contain at least the retail prices of all outer burial container offerings that do not require special ordering and enough information to identify each container. The funeral provider may use other formats to present the GPL, but they must offer it upon request and free of charge.

The Rule also requires that you give out a GPL for at-need situations. This requirement applies even if you are discussing prices or making arrangements in the family’s home or while removing a body from a hospital or nursing home.

They offer competitive prices

Funeral planning can be a stressful process, and consumers are at their most vulnerable when making arrangements. It is important for consumers to compare prices from several providers in order to get the best value for their money. This was the insight behind the Funeral Rule, first implemented in 1984.

Some funeral providers enter into agreements with government agencies to provide special arrangements for indigent persons or others entitled to a government benefit. When these arrangements are made, you must still comply with the Rule’s price disclosure requirements, including giving a general price list to any person who inquires. You may include these items in your regular offerings or prepare separate price lists.

You are not required to give a GPL to consumers who call or visit after hours to make at-need arrangements, but you must give them information if they request it. This includes a caller who has previously signed a pre-need contract but wants to change the casket or add visitation hours.

They offer cremation

The death of a loved one is undoubtedly the most traumatic experience any of us will ever have to face. In the aftermath, consumers are confronted with dozens of decisions to be made quickly and often under great emotional duress. These include where to hold a service, what kind of casket to buy, and whether the body should be buried or cremated.

The TFSC regulates the funeral industry through impartial enforcement, licensing, and education of professionals. It also promotes advance planning for funeral services and a consumer’s right to a meaningful, dignified, and affordable funeral.

When you visit a licensed funeral establishment, they are required by law to give you a General Price List and an itemized Statement of Goods and Services Selected before you sign any contracts. In addition, if state or local laws require the purchase of a casket, they must tell you about this requirement. In addition, funeral homes that offer direct cremation must make an alternative container available for use in lieu of a casket.


A mortuary is a place where the dead are stored before burial or cremation. It’s a multipurpose facility that can also provide embalming and direct funeral services.

When a body is transferred to the mortuary, personnel make a note of any valuables on the person and record their identity. This information is kept on file for future reference.


For many families, embalming is an important choice to help them say goodbye to their loved one and to provide the opportunity for a visitation period. The embalming process helps to disinfect the remains and slows down the organic decomposition of the body which can occur after death.

In addition to embalming, funeral directors may also use a variety of cosmetic procedures to restore the appearance of your loved one. This can include a facial makeover to set the features, to remove bruises and discolorations that have occurred after death, to touch up wounds, and more.

Before embalming, the body is undressed and washed in a germicidal solution. Then, the body is injected with an anatomical embalming fluid. This fluid enters the arteries and saturates all of the tissues. It also contains pigments that return the natural color of your loved ones skin and hair and reduces the odors associated with a dead body. The final result is a corpse that looks as if it were sleeping peacefully.

Preparation for Burial or Cremation

A mortuary may be a standalone facility, but more often, it will work with funeral homes to provide services. These establishments typically have a chapel onsite where families can hold services for their loved ones, and they’ll also likely offer caskets, urns, and other memorial products to help honor your loved one.

During the embalming process, your loved one’s body will be cleaned, any fluids will be removed, and the body will be preserved using chemicals, most commonly a formaldehyde solution. The mortician will then dress the body and prepare it for viewing if the family chooses to have one.

If your loved one will be cremated, the mortuary will prepare their remains by removing any jewelry or medical devices to prevent them from melting or exploding during the cremation process. Then, the mortician will place them into a simple urn before transferring them to the crematory. Once the cremation is complete, they’ll return the urn to your family.

Preparing the Body for Viewing

Whether you’re planning a funeral or cremation, a Bronx mortuary can help with the process. A mortuary can prepare the body of your loved one for a viewing, on-site burial or cremation. They can also host a meaningful funeral service for you and your family.

They may also dress your loved one, which can enhance their appearance for a viewing. Then, they’ll put them into the casket you chose, so that you can hold a traditional viewing before your memorial services or cremation. They can also refrigerate your loved one for a short period of time, if you wish to wait before a viewing or a funeral service.

Funeral Services

A funeral service is a ceremony led by clergy and attended by family members, friends, and community members who wish to pay their respects to a deceased person. The type of service is influenced by culture, tradition, religion, and the wishes of the next of kin. Religious services often involve the participation of clergy and follow a prescribed order of service, such as those led by a Catholic priest or a Jewish rabbi.

Some mortuaries offer a full range of funeral services, while others focus more on the moruary science and prepare bodies for burial or cremation without offering memorialization services. In some cases, a standalone mortuary may not even have a funeral director but rather staff who specialize in preparing the body.

During the arrangement conference, you and the funeral director will choose which services and merchandise you would like to purchase. You will be given a General Price List and an Itemized Statement, which includes contractual language that legally obligates you to pay for the services and merchandise selected.


A graveyard is a place where people are buried after they die. It is usually affiliated with a church and located on the church grounds. Due to space limitations, they are generally smaller than cemeteries and tend to be choosier about who gets buried there.

The most recent trend in burial is green cemeteries, also known as natural or ecological cemeteries. They allow families to bury loved ones in the ground without a tombstone and allow Mother Nature to take over.

They are a place where people are buried

Graveyards are a place where people are buried after their death. They are usually associated with a church and located on the church grounds. They have limited space, so they are often choosier about who can be buried in them. For example, they may only allow members of their particular religion to be buried in them.

For some cultures, burial is an important ritual that can help guide the souls of the dead to heaven or hell. Some cultures bury their dead on ceremonial grounds, while others bury them in family cemeteries or community graveyards. This allows the living to remember their loved ones and pay tribute to them.

It is also common for some families to purchase multiple plots in a cemetery so that they can be near each other when their time comes. This can save the family a great deal of money in the long run. However, it is important to understand the difference between a graveyard and a cemetery before making your final arrangements.

They are a place of worship

The graveyard is a place where we come to worship the souls of the dead, and it is often associated with our beliefs about life after death. It is also a place of peace and serenity for people who have lost loved ones.

In the past, people were buried close to their places of worship. The rich and noble were buried in crypts inside the church, while other congregants were buried in the adjoining graveyard. As the population grew, many of these graveyards became full, and new burial grounds were needed. This is when the term cemetery came into use.

Unlike churchyards, which have stringent rules on who can be interred in their grounds, cemetery grounds are secular and allow people of all faiths to be buried there. The word “cemetery” derives from the Greek koimeterion, meaning dormitory or sleeping place. This is a more modern word than graveyard, which dates back to the 1600s.

They are a place of rest

A graveyard is a place of rest, and many people visit their loved ones at these sites to pay their respects. These spaces have a serene atmosphere that is often peaceful and quiet. They are also beautiful, with winding paths and curated gardens. Some graveyards have strict rules about headstones, and they should be simple, not overly adorned or expensive. Churches also discourage intricate headstone inscriptions that do not live up to Christian values and traditions.

In the past, people were buried on land adjacent to a church, the area known as a churchyard. When these burial grounds became full, new places for burying people emerged, called cemeteries. The word cemetery derives from the Latin coemeterium, which is derived from the Greek koimeterion, meaning “dormitory or resting place.” When planning your end-of-life arrangements, it is important to know the difference between a graveyard and a cemetery. This can help you ensure that your next of kin understands the difference and your wishes are honored.

They are a place of beauty

In addition to being a place of beauty, graveyards are also sacred spaces for honoring the dead. They can inspire reflection on mortality and help you appreciate the preciousness of life. For many, religion and spirituality play a crucial role in their experience of the cemetery, but even for those without religious beliefs, the atmosphere of quiet respect found in a graveyard can provide comfort and solace.

For example, the Bonaventure cemetery in Savannah, Georgia, is famous for its beautiful, natural surroundings. Snarled oak trees and bright green moss cover the tombstones, which make them look like they are part of the forest. This unique look has made the cemetery a tourist attraction.

The word “graveyard” is often used to refer to all burial grounds, including those near churches and other religious buildings. However, the terms “cemetery” and “burial ground” are more common today. The difference between the two is that a cemetery is usually maintained, while a churchyard is not.